Geography at Holystone


Local Knowledge

Geographical Skills & Fieldwork

Place Knowledge

Human & Physical Geography


Geography Intent

Our geography curriculum has been developed to inspire pupils’ curiosity and equip them with knowledge about diverse places, people, resources, and natural and human environments. Through the teaching of geography, children will gain a deep insight into the Earth’s processes, understanding the interaction between physical and human processes and the formation and use of landscapes and environments. Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills will help children understand how the Earth’s features are shaped, interconnected and change over time.

We embed our four core values into every subject and each geography topic is paired with an inquiry question promoting resilience, respect, independence and community spirit. These questions provide purposeful, hands-on and engaging learning opportunities encourage the development of geographical understanding. We believe that through a combination of local, national and international studies in geography, children are given a deeper and more meaningful understanding of the interaction between humans and the environment.


Geography Implementation

By the end of EYFS-

By the end of Key Stage 1

  • Children will name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans.
  • They will name, locate and identify UK’s countries, capitals and surrounding seas.
  • Children will be able to identify daily/seasonal weather patterns in UK and locate hot/cold areas of world.
  • Children will understand geographical similarities/differences and learn how to use maps, atlases and globes.
  • Children will use simple compass direction and locational language
  • Children will be familiar with aerial photos and plans and be able to devise simple maps
  • Children will study the geography of school grounds

By the end of Key Stage 2

  • Children will locate the world’s countries using maps (focus on Europe/N and S America)
  • They will be able to name and locate counties and cities of the UK
  • Children will be able to identify the position and significance of longitude, latitude, hemispheres, Tropics of Cancer/Capricorn, Arctic, Antarctic, Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones
  • Children will describe key aspects of physical/human geography
  • They will understand geographical similarities and differences
  • Children will be encouraged to use digital mapping to locate countries and describe features as well as to present the human a physical features in the local area.
  • Children will use 8-point compass, 4- and 6-digit grid references and Ordnance Survey maps

This is how it works

  • Each successive Year group has progressive geographical skills to build on.
  • The skills are covered through carefully chosen topics that will enable the children to develop and use that skill.
  • Topics will be introduced using an enquiry question which allows the children to focus their discussion.
  • By the time the children leave Year 6, they will have covered a wide range of geographical skills and topics to really get the children engaged and enjoy their learning.
  • All children at Holystone Primary School will have the opportunity to go on various trips to develop local, regional and global geography experiences.

This is what adults do

  • Teachers carefully plan progressive lessons which build on children’s prior knowledge.
  • Lessons are planned around an enquiry question which allows the children to focus their discussion.
  • Teachers source stories and resources from local libraries to engage children in geography, creating a learning environment that stimulates children’s interest in the geographical area being studied.
  • The subject leaders carry out regular book scrutiny and planning audits and pupil voice to monitor the progression of geography across the school.

This is how we support

  • Small group/1:1 adult support given when required. We use teacher and self-assessment to quickly identify any children who requires additional support in specific areas.
  • These pupils will then receive additional support or resources to use. Outcomes are differentiated to ensure all children can achieve success in geography.

This is how we challenge

  • Children are encouraged to be independent learners and build on their levels of resilience through the use of differentiated resources, expectations or outcomes.
  • Additional activities will be offered to challenge learners within a lesson. Deeper thinking opportunities will be given to help identify greater depth geographers.

 This how we ensure all children can access the curriculum

  • Teachers will use a range of different techniques to appeal to different learning styles e.g. digital mapping, paper mapping etc.
  • Children who have SEN or EAL needs are supported by additional adults/resources to allow them to access the learning.


Geography Impact

This is what you might typically see

  • An enquiry question will be used at the beginning of the topic/unit to allow for initial discussion/questions to be had.
  • Children will be engaged in their learning and will be able to recognise the differences between human and physical features within a landscape.
  • Children will be given the opportunity to develop their map skills including understanding the purpose of the map key.
  • All classrooms will display world maps with key features relevant to the year group’s topics labelled on them.
  • Children will use the local area to help with their geographical understanding of maps and their relevant keys.

This is how we know how well our pupils are doing

  • Lessons are planned based on geographical skills which are specific for each year group.
  • Marking and feedback by teachers and peers will be provided and photographic and video evidence will be used.
  • There might be displays of work in classes.
  • Assessment is tracked across the year and is entered on to our tracking system.
  • Book scrutiny, pupil voice and planning audits.

This is the impact of the teaching

  • Children will enjoy their geography lessons and can talk passionately about the subject.
  • Children will become inquisitive and reflective learners who are able to demonstrate a variety of geographical skills and understanding.
  • Children are prepared to share what they have learnt in a variety of ways using different media.
  • Children will use acquired vocabulary within lessons.
  • Children will be ready for the next stage in their education. SEN pupils will achieve the best possible outcomes.